Why did it happen?

The Indian Act was amended in 1951. One of amendments gave provinces jurisdiction over the welfare of Indigenous children. Provincial governments felt that rather than put money and resources into Indigenous communities to improve issues like child welfare, the most practical and cost-efficient way to force assimilation was to take children from the reserves and place them with non-Indigenous families. The children would lose touch with their own families, culture, language and traditions. 

 

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